|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||1995|
|Pagination:||81 - 90|
|Keywords:||animals, Austria, Chick Embryo, Comparative Study, Dog Diseases, France, Germany, history, humans, Japan, Lice/immunology, mice, Poland, Rabbit, rat, Rickettsia prowazekii/immunology, Rickettsia/classification/immunology, Rickettsial Vaccines/history, Russia, typhus, war|
This paper provides an overview of the development of typhus vaccines between the first and second world wars. It is shown that there was a shift in the classification of the causal Rickettsiae from being classed as bacteria to being conceptualised as a type of virus. This 'paradigm switch' stimulated interest in the possibility of producing an effective medicine.