Between bacteriology and virology: the development of typhus vaccines between the First and Second World Wars

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1995
Authors:P. Weindling
Pagination:81 - 90
Date Published:1995
ISBN Number:0391-9714
Keywords:animals, Austria, Chick Embryo, Comparative Study, Dog Diseases, France, Germany, history, humans, Japan, Lice/immunology, mice, Poland, Rabbit, rat, Rickettsia prowazekii/immunology, Rickettsia/classification/immunology, Rickettsial Vaccines/history, Russia, typhus, war

This paper provides an overview of the development of typhus vaccines between the first and second world wars. It is shown that there was a shift in the classification of the causal Rickettsiae from being classed as bacteria to being conceptualised as a type of virus. This 'paradigm switch' stimulated interest in the possibility of producing an effective medicine.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith