Distribution and transmission of endosymbiotic microorganisms in the oocytes of the pig louse, Haematopinus suis (L.) (Insecta : Phthiraptera)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1999
Authors:M. Zelazowska, Biliński S. M.
Pagination:207 - 213
Date Published:1999
Keywords:Endosymbiont, Mycetocyte, Mycetome, Oocyte, Transovarial transmission, Ultrastructure

Summary. All anoplurans live symbiotically with prokaryotic microorganisms hosted in specialized cells, termed mycetocytes. In nymphs and males mycetocytes are distributed between midgut epithelial cells. In females, besides the midgut, mycetocytes are found in the reproductive organs where they are located at the base of ovarioles in contact with lateral oviducts. The mycetocyteassociated symbionts are transmitted from one generation to the next transovarially. Here, the results of histological and ultrastructural studies on the distribution and transmission of symbiotic microorganisms within the ovaries of the anopluran Haematopinus suis are presented. Interestingly, during advanced oogenesis (i.e., choriogenesis) of this species all symbionts are localized extracellularly and form a tight mass located at the posterior pole of the oocyte just below the hydropyle. In insects studied so far, such localization of transovarially transmitted microorganisms has been reported only in the closely related species Haematopinus eurysternus.

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