Ectoparasites of large wild mammals (deer and wild boars) and lyme Borreliosis - search for Borrelia burgdorferi in more than 1400 ticks, lice, pupipares and fleas

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1994
Authors:J. M. Doby, Bigaignon, G., Degeilh, B., Guiguen, C.
Journal:Revue De Medecine Veterinaire
Pagination:743 - 748
Date Published:1994
Keywords:agent, animals, Borrelia, ectoparasite, France, hexagonus, immunofluorescence, infections, lyme, mammal, serological, wild

Within an epidemiological study on the importance of hematophagous arthropods for the Lyme borreliosis in France, we looked for B. burgdorferi sensu lato, by indirect immunofluorescence, in more than 1 400 ectoparasites collected on 131 large wild mammals (15 red-dears, 59 roe-deers, 54 wild boars and 3 foxes) caught or killed in winter mainly in Brittany, Vendee and Sologne. Thus were examined 1 251 Ixodid ticks: 953 Ixodes ricinus (among them, 3,7 per cent of nymphs and adults positive), 257 Dermacentor reticulatus adults (2,3 per cent positive), 38 Haemaphysalis concinna adults (1 positive) and 3 Ixodes hexagonus females (2 positive). Were also studied 83 Anoploura: 73 Haematopinus suis (2 positive) and 10 Solenopotes burmeisteri (negative); 65 Pupipara: Lipoptena cervi (1 positive); 7 Siphonaptera: 3 Pulex irrants and 4 Paraceras melis (negative). If the presence of B. burgdorferi in Anoploura and Pupipara needs to be confirmed, it is the first time that this agent is found in Haemaphysalis concinna.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith