|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||1992|
|Pagination:||429 - 441|
|Keywords:||Australia, barn, behavior, bird, breeding, coloniality, cooperative, dynamics, ectoparasite, group, Hirundo, manorina melanophrys, material, miner, nest, parasitism, Passeriformes, populations, size, swallow|
The hypothesis that cooperative breeding entails a cost in terms of transmission of ectoparasites was tested by a comparative analysis among sympatric Australian passerines. The general trend found using the allometry method and outgroup analysis indicates that, contagious ectoparasites are not more common on cooperatively breeding than on non-cooperatively breeding hosts. Body weight, migratory patterns and relative abundance of hosts are factors far more important than cooperative breeding that affect the levels of ectoparasitism in the host genera studied. Ectoparasitism increases with host body weight and relative abundance, while sedentary host genera tended to show less hippoboscid fly diversity than migratory host genera. There is an interaction between breeding system and migratory pattern when relative density of contagious ectoparasites (i.e. mites, ticks and bird lice) is considered: the number of contagious ectoparasites per host is larger on cooperatively breeding host genera than on non-cooperatively breeding host genera among sedentary passerines, but the trend is reversed for migrant passerines.