Efficacy of a pour-on formulation of doramectin against lice, mites, and grubs of cattle

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1999
Authors:K. A. Rooney, Illyes, E. F., Sunderland, S. J., Sarasola, P., Hendrickx, M. O., Keller, D. S., Meinert, T. R., Logan, N. B., Weatherley, A. J., Conder, G. A.
Journal:American Journal of Veterinary Research
Pagination:402 - 404
Date Published:1999
ISBN Number:0002-9645
Keywords:Administration, Topical, animals, Anoplura, anthelmintic, cattle, Cattle Diseases, Diptera, Hypodermyiasis, insecticide, Ivermectin/administration & dosage/analogs & derivatives/therapeutic use, Lice Infestations/drug therapy/veterinary, Mallophaga, Mite Infestations/drug therapy/veterinary, Sarcoptes scabiei, Treatment Outcome

OBJECTIVE: To determine effectiveness of a pour-on formulation of doramectin against Damalinia bovis, Haematopinus eurysternus, Linognathus vituli, Solenopotes capillatus, Chorioptes bovis, Sarcoptes scabiei, Hypoderma bovis, and Hypoderma lineatum. ANIMALS: Cattle of various ages with naturally acquired or artificial infestations with 1 or more species of lice, mites, or grubs. PROCEDURE: In 10 louse and 6 mite studies, cattle were treated with doramectin (500 microg/kg, topically) on day 0, and parasite counts were performed approximately weekly from days 0 to 35. In 6 grub studies, cattle expected to harbor Hypoderma spp were treated before emergence of warbles. After warbles began to emerge, they were counted every 2 weeks, and grubs were collected and identified by species. RESULTS: Burdens of D bovis, H eurystemus, L vituli, and S capillatus on doramectin-treated cattle were 0 by 28 days after treatment. Burdens of C bovis and S scabiei decreased to 0 in naturally infested cattle and approximately 0 in artificially infested cattle by day 14 to 15. In grub studies, 107 of 136 control cattle had warbles, whereas 2 of 136 doramectin-treated cattle had 1 warble each, which represented a cure rate of 98.5%. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: One topical application of doramectin was highly efficacious against common species of lice, mites, and grubs known to affect performance, health, and appearance of cattle.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith