Food habits of several species of poultry lice with special reference to blood consumption

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1943
Authors:C. M. Crutchfield, Hixson H.
Journal:Florida Entomologist
Volume:26
Issue:4
Pagination:63 - 66
Date Published:1943
Abstract:

This investigation changes the general conception concerning the materials consumed by poultry lice and offers a basis for a better explanation of the relative economic importance of the different species. Barbs and barbules of feathers and blood comprise the food of the chicken body louse (Menacanthus stramineus) and a species of Menacanthus unrecognised, heretofore, as a pest of poultry in the United States. These species obtain blood by gnawing through the epidermis of the skin and rupturing the quill of pin feathers. The diet of the shaft louse (Menopon gallinae) consists of barbs and barbules. The wing louse (Lipeurus caponis) feeds on hooklets of the flight feathers; occasionally barbs and barbules form a part of the diet. The large chicken louse (Goniocotes gigas) and the fluff louse, (Goniocotes hologaster) feed largely on barbs and to some extent on barbules.

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