Mechanical treatment of phthiriasis palpebrarum

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2003
Authors:K. C. Yoon, Park, H. Y., Seo, M. S., Park, Y. G.
Journal:An. Journal of Ophthalmology
Pagination:71 - 73
Date Published:2003
ISBN Number:1011-8942
Keywords:child, Eyelashes, hair, humans, Lice Infestations/therapy, Pthirus

Phthiriasis palpebrarum is a rare disease in which crab lice infest the eyelashes. It can cause pruritic lid margins or unusual blepharoconjunctivitis and is difficult to diagnose and treat. We diagnosed and managed a case of phthiriasis palpebrarum in both upper eyelids, accompanied by nits, on the scalp of a 6 year-old female child. We removed the eyelashes, including lice and nits, by pulling with fine forceps without sedation. On the second month after treatment, all lice and nits were eradicated without recurrence and the eyelashes grew back. In conclusion, phthiriasis palpebrarum can be diagnosed by close examination of the eyelashes and eyelid margins with slit lamp and can be managed mechanically.

Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith