|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2000|
|Authors:||R. J. Pollack, Kiszewski, A. E., Spielman, A.|
|Journal:||Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal|
|Pagination:||693 - 696; discussion 694|
|Keywords:||Administration, Topical, adolescent, adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, animals, child, Child, Preschool, Diagnosis, Differential, Follow-Up Studies, humans, incidence, Lice Infestations/diagnosis/drug therapy/epidemiology, Middle Aged, North America/epidemiology, Pediculus, Permethrin, Pyrethrum, risk factors, scalp, Sex Distribution, Treatment Outcome|
BACKGROUND: Lay personnel and many health care workers in the United States believe that head louse infestations caused by Pediculus capitis are exceedingly transmissible and that infested children readily infest others. Schoolchildren therefore frequently become ostracized and remain so until no signs of their presumed infestations are evident. Repeated applications of pediculicidal product and chronic school absenteeism frequently result.METHODS: To determine how frequently louse-related exclusions from schools and applications of pediculicidal therapeutic regimens might be inappropriate, we invited health care providers as well as nonspecialized personnel to submit specimens to us that were associated with a diagnosis of pediculiasis. Each submission was then characterized microscopically.