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Persistent activity of moxidectin pour-on and injectable against sucking and biting louse infestations of cattle

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2002
Authors:D. D. Colwell
Journal:Veterinary parasitology
Volume:104
Issue:4
Pagination:319 - 326
Date Published:2002
ISBN Number:0304-4017
Keywords:Administration, Topical, animals, Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage/pharmacology, cattle, Cattle Diseases, Injections, insecticide, Lice Infestations/prevention & control/veterinary, Macrolides, Mallophaga, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract:

To evaluate the persistent activity of pour-on and injectable moxidectin against natural challenge by sucking (predominantly Linognathus vituli) and chewing (Bovicola bovis) cattle lice, 96 mixed-breed calves that had been treated to remove all lice were blocked by body weight and randomly allocated to three treatments: untreated control, moxidectin at 500 microg/kg by topical application and moxidectin at 200 microg/kg by subcutaneous injection. Twelve pens were blocked into groups of four and randomly allocated to four challenge times: 14, 21, 28 and 35 days post-treatment. Treatment groups were assigned to challenge pens randomly. Two donor calves, with demonstrated infestations of both sucking and chewing lice, were introduced into each pen containing eight principal calves at the start of each challenge time. Donors remained in the challenge pen for 7 days. Principal calves were examined for lice, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after donor removal using a standardized hair-parting technique. Moxidectin injectable prevented re-infestation with L. vituli for up to 42 days, but did not provide persistent activity against B. bovis longer than 35 days post-treatment. Moxidectin pour-on demonstrated persistent activity against both B. bovis and L. vituli for 42 days.

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