Phylogeny inferred from allozymes in the Heterodoxus octoseriatus group of species (Phthiraptera: Boopiidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1992
Authors:S. C. Barker, Briscoe, D. A., Close, R. L.
Journal:Australian Journal of Zoology
Pagination:411 - 422
Date Published:1992
Keywords:Amblycera, analysis, associations, chromosome, evolution, Macropodidae, marsupialia, Petrogale, rock wallabies

Phenetic and phylogenetic relationships in the Heterodoxus octoseriatus group of species were explored with data from 21 putative allozyme loci. The phenetic analyses and some of the cladistic analyses (maximum parsimony) were consistant with a phenetic analysis of morphological characters in that they indicated in two main lines of evolution in the H. octoseriatus group. These culminated in two groups of species: (i) H. harrisoni, H. hughendensis, H. closei, H. maynesi, H.. octoseriatus, H. lesouefi, H. briscoei and H. insulatus, and (ii) H. murrayi, H. insularis and H. orarius. The allozyme and morphological analysis, however, differed in the arrangement of species within the two main groups. Other cladistic analysis revealed the first group of lice, but not the second group. A hypothesis proposed for the evolution of the H. octoseriatus group involves widespread host switching followed by the expansion of the geographic ranges of some lice at the expense of others. The evolution of host-parasite associations amoung rock-wallabies and lice from the H. octoseriatus group demonstrates how tangled the history of host-parasite associations may become.

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