|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||1995|
|Authors:||G. W. Levot, Johnson, P. W., Hughes, P. B., Powis, K. J., Boray, J. C., Dawson, K. L.|
|Journal:||Medical and veterinary entomology|
|Pagination:||59 - 65|
|Keywords:||animals, Australia, cattle, Insecticide Resistance, Lethal Dose 50, lice, Pyrethrum, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Sheep/parasitology|
Synthetic pyrethroid (SP) resistance has developed in Australian field populations of the sheep body louse, Bovicola (Damalinia) ovis. Laboratory bioassays were used to measure the susceptibility of lice to cypermethrin and the other registered SPs. Results of these bioassays indicated resistance to cypermethrin, deltamethrin, cyhalothrin and alphacypermethrin. So far, high-level resistance has been diagnosed in only a few strains. The toxicological responses of these strains were clearly separated from those of the majority of louse strains tested. Furthermore, these strains had survived immersion in commercial SP dips. The level of resistance described in some strains was sufficient to cause pour-on products to fail despite the fact that the LC50s of these strains fell within the normal range of field responses.