The seasonal incidence of parasitism by Phthiraptera on starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) in England

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1983
Authors:P. R. Kettle
Journal:New Zealand Entomologist
Pagination:403 - 408
Date Published:1983
Keywords:aves, England, Menoponidae, parasitism, Philopteridae, Phthiraptera, preening, Sternus

The seasonal prevalence of chewing lice (Phthiraptera) on starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) from Hampshire and Sussex was monitored for one year. Four species of lice were recovered: the menoponids Menacanthus eurysternus and Myrsidea cucullaris, and the philopterids Brueelia nebulosa and Sturnidoecus sturni. Birds most frequently harboured populations of fewer than 10 lice. Juvenile birds were particularly lousy and their louse populations showed a dramatic decline after moulting. Menoponids were the most prevalent in August and September and Philopterids in June and July. From the data obtained, it appears that the chief factors which govern the size of louse populations are host behaviour (preening), moulting and climate.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith