|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||1969|
|Authors:||M. M. Cole, Hirst, J. M., McWilliams, J. G., Gilbert, I. H.|
|Journal:||Journal of Economic Entomology|
|Pagination:||198 - 200|
|Keywords:||Carbamates, Clothing, humans, insecticide, Lice/drug effects|
Five promising compounds, Mobam® (benzo[b]thien-4-yl methylcarbamatc), Abate® (O, O-dimethyl phosphorothioate O,O-diester with 4,4'-thiodiphenol), Geigy GS-12968 O, O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate S-ester with 2-ethoxy-4-(mercaptomethyl)- ∆2-1,3,4-thiadiazolin-5-one), Sumithion® (O, O-dimethyl O-4-nitro-m-tolyl phosphorothioate), and Bay 37342 (O, O-dimeiliyl O-[4 (methylthio)-3,5-xyly] phosphorothioate), In louse powders were evaluated at different concentrations against DDT-resistant Pediculus humanus humanus L., and compared with powders containing 1% lindane, 1% malathion, or 2% carbaryl + 2% Piperonyl butoxide. The tests were made at Camp Lejeune, N. C., from 1966 to 1968 with U. S. Marine volunteers, who wore sleeves treated with the powders about 48 hours per week (12 hr/day for 4 days) for 6–8 weeks body lice were exposed to the treated sleeves. Powders containing 2% Abate, 5% Mobam, or 2% GS-12968 remained completely effective (killed 100% effective for 6 weeks) and were carbaryl + piperonyl butoxide, which where completely effective for 2–3 weeks, 1 week, and 3 weeks, respectively.