Sucking louse (Hoplopleura erratica - Insecta, Anoplura) exchange between individuals of a wild population of Eastern chipmunks, Tamias striatus, in Central Tennessee, USA

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1983
Authors:L. A. Durden
Journal:Journal of Zoology
Volume:201
Issue:1
Pagination:117 - 123
Date Published:1983
Abstract:

Adult Hoplopleura erratica sucking lice were labelled [sic] using a setal clipping technique. Host exchange for lice marked in this manner was monitored through a small population of dye-marked Eastern chipmunks, Tamias striatus, the normal host of this ectoparasite. in a deciduous woodland in central Tennessee. U.S.A. This was accomplished by frequent host live-trapping, anaesthetization and pelage examinations. Louse transfer was most prevalent during the host summer mating period, presumably because of increased chipmunk contacts. At this time, 66.7% of marked adult lice within the host population transferred. Exchanges between opposite sex hosts were more common and adult males donated most lice: no juvenile chipmunks were recorded as louse donors. A greater proportion of male than female lice transferred. Using the exclusive boundary strip method. all exchanging chipmunks had overlapping ranges or shared at least one boundary line.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith