Community of Chewing Lice (Phthiraptera: Amblycera and Ischnocera) Parasites of Resident Birds at the Archipelago of São Pedro and São Paulo in Northeast Brazil

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2014
Authors:H. M. Silva, Valim, M. Paiva, Gama, R. A.
Journal:Journal of Medical Entomology
Pagination:941 - 947
Date Published:Jan-09-2014
Keywords:Anous minutus, Anous stolidus, chewing louse, ectoparasite, Sula leucogaster

The current study describes the chewing lice community associated with seabird populations resident at the Sa ̃ o Pedro and Sa ̃ o Paulo Archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean in Pernambuco State, Brazil. Adults of three species of seabirds were captured using hand-nets for the collection of biometric data and specimens of ectoparasites. In total, 320 birds were examined (120 Sula leucogaster (Boddaert), Brown Booby; 120 Anous stolidus (L.), - Brown Noddy; and 80 Anous minutus Boie, Black Noddy) of which 95% were infested with 8,625 chewing lice, representing eight species of the genera Actornithophilus, Austromenopon, Eidmanniella, Pectinopygus, Quadraceps, and Saemundssonia. On S. leucogaster, Pectinopygus garbei (Pessoˆ a & Guimara ̃ es) was more prevalent and had a mean and median intensity of infestation signiÞcantly greater than those recorded for Eidmanniella albescens (Piaget). On the two Noddies, the species of Actornithophilus and Quadraceps were signiÞcantly more prevalent and abundant than Austromenopon atrofulvum (Piaget) and Saemundssonia remota Timmermann Most of the louse species had a highly aggregated distribution, with k exponent of the negative binomial distribution ranging from 0.04 to 3.06. A weak but signiÞcant correlation was found between the abundance of chewing lice and morphometric variables (body weight, wing, beak, tail, and tarsus lengths). It is possible that high rates of infestation have a negative effect on the morphological characteristics of the hosts, including the health of the plumage. All the lice species collectedÑ except for P. garbei (ex S. leucogaster)Ñwere reported for the Þrst time from Brazilian populations of these seabird species.

Short Title:j med entomol
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