Der Mönchsgeier Aegypius monachus (L., 1766) und seine Mallophagen (Insecta, Phthiraptera) in der Mongolei

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2016
Authors:Mey, E, Stubbe, M, Lchagvasuren, D, Stubbe, A
Journal:Erforsch. biol. Ress. Mongolei (Halle/Saale)
Volume:13
Pagination:313-332
Keywords:Aegypius monachus, Amblycera, copulation, diet, distribution, ecology, history of science, infestation data, Ischnocera, Mongolia, Phthiraptera, taxonomy
Abstract:

ENGLISH TITLE: Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (L., 1766) and its chewing lice (Insecta, Phthiraptera) in Mongolia

During a series of studies on the population, ecology, and biology of the Cinereous Vulture in Mongolia, fully feathered nestlings of the species from 9 nests were examined, without the use of chemical methods, for Mallophaga infestation from 2010 to 2015. The collection resulted in sev- eral first records for Mongolia of three species: Laemobothrion vulturis (J. C. FABRICIUS, 1775) sensu lato (Amblycera, Laemobothriidae), Neocolpocephalum aegypii (TENDEIRO, 1989) (Am- blycera, Menoponidae s. l.) sp. inq., and Falcolipeurus quadripustulatus (BURMEISTER, 1838) (Ischnocera, Philopteridae s. l.). Despite being expected, there has still been no record of Agypoecus brevicollis (BURMEISTER, 1838) in Mongolia.

Chewing louse infestation was noted in all nests examined, though not by more than two species: L. vulturis (twice), N. aegypyii and F. quadripustulatus (6 times each). Mixed infections were found in five nests: L. vulturis x N. aegypii (once) and N. aegypii x F. quadripustulatus (5 times). Blood was found in the digestive tract of all chewing louse individuals, but no traces of feathers. Four pairs of Falcolipeurus quadripustulatus were observed copulating (subfeminal). "Colpocephalum aegypii TENDEIRO, 1989" is a species incerta, its status in relation to "Colpocephalum tracheleoti PRICE & BEER, 1966" remains in doubt.
The discovery and "first description" of Falcolipeurus quadripustulatus and Aegypygus brevicollis by CHRISTIAN LUDWIG NITZSCH (1780-1837) are briefly discussed in a historical context. The type material of both species was lost in the Second World War. From these findings in Mongolia a neo- type for "Philopterus (Lipeurus) 4-pustulatus BURMEISTER, 1838" is erected. It is pointed out that the occurrence of the Ischnocera Degeeriella NEUMANN s. str. and of the Amblycera Nosopon HOPKINS, Ctenigogus EICHLER & ZŁOTORZYCKA, Cuculiphilus UCHIDA, and Pterophilus CLAY & PRICE must be expected on Cinereous Vulture, and not only in Mongolia.

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