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Lousy chicks: Chewing lice from the Imperial Shag, Leucocarbo atriceps

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2017
Authors:Leonardi, MSoledad, Quintana, F
Journal:International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife
Pagination:229 - 232
Date Published:Jan-12-2017
Keywords:chewing lice, Patagonia, seabirds, Shag, Transmission

Forty-one imperial shag chicks were sampled for lice during the breeding season of 2014 in Punta Leon, Argentina. We found 2 lice species, Pectinopygus turbinatus infesting the body and Piagetiella capu- tincisum present in the oral cavity of the birds. This constitutes the first host record for P. turbinatus and the first record for the continental Argentina for P. caputincisum. Ninety-three percent of the chicks were infested by at least one lice species. P. turbinatus was present in all of the lousy chicks, while P. caputincisum infested 84.2% of them. The mean intensity was 29.5 and the range 1e129. There was no difference in prevalence, mean intensity or mean abundance between louse species. However, we found differences among the pattern of infestation of each species. Imperial shag chicks were infested by their parents during their first days of life by P. turbinatus, mainly in nymphal stage and by P. caputincisum as adult lice. Our results showed differences among lice species that could be related to the restrictions that lice from seabirds faced during their life cycle.

Short Title:International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife
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