• Your Scratchpad has been upgraded to version 2.9.3

Anti-parasite behaviour of birds

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2018
Authors:S. E. Bush, Clayton D. H.
Journal:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume:373
Issue:1751
Pagination:20170196
ISSN:0962-8436
Keywords:body maintenance, grooming, Migration, nest maintenance, preening, tolerance
Abstract:

Birds have many kinds of internal and external parasites, including viruses, bacteria and fungi, as well as protozoa, helminths and arthropods. Because parasites have negative effects on host fitness, selection favours the evolution of anti-parasite defences, many of which involve behaviour. We provide a brief review of anti-parasite behaviours in birds, divided into five major categories: (i) body maintenance, (ii) nest maintenance, (iii) avoidance of parasitized prey, (iv) migration and (v) tolerance. We evaluate the adaptive significance of the different behaviours and note cases in which additional research is particularly needed. We briefly consider the interaction of different behaviours, such as sunning and preening, and how behaviou- ral defences may interact with other forms of defence, such as immune responses. We conclude by suggesting some general questions that need to be addressed concerning the nature of anti-parasite behaviour in birds.

This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue ‘Evolution of pathogen and parasite avoidance behaviours’.

URL:http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/lookup/doi/10.1098/rstb.2017.0196
DOI:10.1098/rstb.2017.0196
Short Title:Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B
File attachments: 
Thu, 2019-01-10 15:55 -- Yokb
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith