Flammability testing of 22 conventional European pediculicides

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2017
Authors:D. D. Dörge, Kuhn, T., Klimpel, S.
Journal:Parasitology Research
Volume:116
Issue:4
Pagination:1189 - 1196
ISSN:0932-0113
Keywords:Anti-louse products, Dimethicones, Head lice treatment
Abstract:

Abstract Lice have been parasitizing humans for at least 10,000 years. Since then, humans have tried to rid themselves of these unpleasant and potentially disease-carrying insects. Despite various plant extracts and chemical compounds being used to combat recurring infestations to this date, several lice populations have developed resistance to some of the abun- dantly used compounds. This resulted in the development of anti-louse products that physically kill the different lice stages. Today, a widely used group of delousing agents are dimethicones (polydimethylsiloxane PDMS) which function by suffocating the lice. However, many dimethicones and re- lated products are highly flammable which makes them po- tentially dangerous for treatment. In the present study, we tested the flammability of 22 delousing agents in order to shed some light onto this currently unresolved problem in the prod- uct design of pediculicides. Thirteen products were easily ig- nitable, some even by distant contact with a sparkler.

URL:http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00436-017-5396-z
DOI:10.1007/s00436-017-5396-z
Short Title:Parasitol Res
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