Studies on the prevalence of ectoparasites in owned dogs and major risk infestation to human health in Karachi, Singh Pakistan

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2018
Authors:M. -ur- R. Memon, Baloch, J. Ara, Arijo, A. G., Kachiwal, A. Bux, Pirzada, N.
Keywords:ectoparasite, Karachi, owned dogs, prevalence, risk infestation

The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence, intensity and distribution of natural infestation of ectoparasites and their species in owned dogs during the period of June to November 2017 in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. One hundred fifty domestic dogs (90 males, 60 females) with age ranging from 60 days to 9 years were examined for ectoparasites infestation including (tick, lice, flea and mite) in Karachi city. A prevalence of ectoparasites 43.33% was identified in dogs. A total number of 164 ectoparasites were collected. The most common ectoparasites were Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick, which infested 59 of the 150 dogs (39.33%) followed by Ctenocephalides canis and Demodex canis was identified on 7/150 dogs (4.67%), Dermacentor reticulates and Trichodectes canis 6/150 dogs (4.0%) respectively and Ctenocephalides felis 2/150 (1.33%), that the highest infestation rate was seen in June (30.86%). No itching and scratching was found in 93.6 percent. Ectoparasites were significantly higher in outdoor dogs as compared with indoor group and the most tick infested location was around head and neck (60.0%).

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