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Prevalence and Distribution of Chewing Lice (Phthiraptera) in Free Range Chickens from the Traditional Rearing System in the Algerian North East, Area of El-Tarf

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2013
Authors:I. Medjouel, Benakhla, A., Senouci, K., Djelil, H., Matallah, F.
Journal:International Journal of Poultry Science
Volume:12
Issue:12
Pagination:721 - 725
Date Published:2013
ISSN:16828356
Keywords:Algeria, Chewing lice, chickens, Phthiraptera, rural
Abstract:

A study was carried out on 144 local chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus), from rural area of El-Tarf to determine the prevalence of chewing lice (Phthiraptera). The overall prevalence rate was 100% in the El- Tarf poultry. Nine different species of chewing lice were identified during this study: Menopon gallinae, Goniocotes gallinae, Lipeurus caponis, Goniodes dissimilis, Goniodes gigas, Menacanthus stramineus, Cuclotogaster heterographus, Menacanthus cornutus and Menacanthus pallidulus. Menopon gallinae (97.2%) was the most prevalent lice identified. The mean intensity of lice in the area of El-Tarf was 172.5 per chicken. Menopon gallinae was the species which has the highest mean intensity of infestation (83.2%). The distribution of nine chewing lice on poultry and their most preferred sites was determined.

URL:http://www.scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2013.721.725
DOI:10.3923/ijps.2013.721.725
Short Title:International J. of Poultry Science
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